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4 Methods of Professional Printing

Have you ever wondered how your Professional Printing is done? Well 07 Heaven Design can explain… 

Letterpress

 

The first printing press was a Letterpress. It basically uses a stamp to grab ink and place it on the paper or other material. It’s almost like a typewriter, but instead of one letter at a time, it’s the whole page.

 

Offset Lithography

 

This method of printing is probably the most common method of print used today, even though it is actually one of the oldest methods. So how does it work? It works on the principle that water and oil, or ink, don't mix and uses metal or polyester sheets, which are commonly referred to as plates. The image and non-image areas are burned onto the plate using light to expose the image areas.

This plate is then attached onto a cylinder that goes around on the press. As it does so, the plates picks up water onto the non-image areas. Since water and oil don't mix, when the plate comes into contact with the ink, it only sticks to where the water isn't. And this is our image area. The plate then comes into contact with a rubber sheet (called a blanket) and it transfers the image. The blanket then rotates around and presses the image into the paper. This is where the offset term comes from.

 

Flexography

 

This is the method used to print labels, although it has been known for more uses. If you look at some drinks, there are plastic or cellophane labels on them. This printing was likely done by flexography, the printing method primarily used by the packaging industry.

 

The idea behind flexography is similar to a Letterpress print, where it uses a stamp, but this one is created with rubber-etched stamp that has tiny grooves to pick up ink. The rubber stamp or plate is wrapped around a cylinder, which rotates and picks up ink from a reservoir then presses it onto the printing material. This is often done on plastics, tissues, labels, stickers, cardboard and other packaging printing.

 

Gravure

 

This is a method that is usually used in printing long runs of magazines. Much like flexography, gravure printing has a cylinder that picks up ink in tiny etched grooves and places it on the paper. The difference is, gravure doesn't use a plate. Its grooves are actually etched into the cylinder. This allows it to last much longer and can be used for more impressions (contacts with the paper/material) before it wears out.

By Picking 07 Heaven Design for your printing solutions, you know that your print will be professional and that you will get the right information regarding printing methods.

 

Call us on: 01702 462 667

Email us on: info@07heavendesign.co.uk